Radon is a colorless and odorless gas that is found in the air and underground water supplies. It is not a normal finding in fresh, clean air. It exists mainly as a result of radioactive decay of other radioactive elements. Since this is gas with no color or odor, it is not possible for human senses to identify it. Which makes it even bigger a threat, because without awareness anyone could be inhaling it all the time. Radon has been classified as a carcinogen, a cancer causing agent. The most common type of cancer associated with exposure to Radon is lung cancer.
Radon gets accumulated in buildings especially those with poor ventilation systems. The most common way through which radon makes its way into buildings is by directly moving in from the soil below. It can easily diffuse through small cracks in the flooring or walls of the basement. The levels of Radon in soil differ from area to area and even in buildings next to each other.
Radon which is present in water supplies is directly ingested if present in drinking water, but does not a threat as big as radon in air. Radon in air irritates breathing passageways, respiratory membranes and lungs. For people who have never smoked, slow and long term exposure to radon gas is enough to lead to lung cancer.
This is why it needs to be checked so necessary steps can be taken to eliminate it.
Radon testing is simple, easy and cheap. The radon detectors and testing kits are not expensive and can easily be bought at hardware stores. Radon testing can be long term or short term. A short term test is done over a period of 2 to 3 days, whereas a long term test detects radon levels over a period of 90 days, and is more reliable.
Some of the detectors available are: alpha track detectors, charcoal canisters, charcoal liquid scintillation detectors etc. Many of these are available on Amazon with user reviews to guide towards the better product.
There are many companies that provde professional help in this area. They provide radon testing services and also radon mitigation services. It is always a better option to take professional help instead of trying to check radon levels yourself, for more accurate results.
A few of the certified companies for Radon Testing Milwaukee, Wisconsin are: Milawukee Radon Mitigation, Wisconsin Radon and environmental and American Radon Testing Co.
Construction companies and builders can also guide towards the best professional services offered in the area for Radon testing.